Comparison of Channels: Criteria for Domination by a Symmetric Channel

Anuran Makur, Yury Polyanskiy

This paper studies the basic question of whether a given channel $V$ can be dominated (in the precise sense of being more noisy) by a $q$-ary symmetric channel. The concept of "less noisy" relation between channels originated in network information theory (broadcast channels) and is defined in terms of mutual information or Kullback-Leibler divergence. We provide an equivalent characterization in terms of $\chi^2$-divergence. Furthermore, we develop a simple criterion for domination by a $q$-ary symmetric channel in terms of the minimum entry of the stochastic matrix defining the channel $V$. The criterion is strengthened for the special case of additive noise channels over finite Abelian groups. Finally, it is shown that domination by a symmetric channel implies (via comparison of Dirichlet forms) a logarithmic Sobolev inequality for the original channel.

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