Large Margin Nearest Neighbor Classification using Curved Mahalanobis Distances

Frank Nielsen, Boris Muzellec, Richard Nock

We consider the supervised classification problem of machine learning in Cayley-Klein projective geometries: We show how to learn a curved Mahalanobis metric distance corresponding to either the hyperbolic geometry or the elliptic geometry using the Large Margin Nearest Neighbor (LMNN) framework. We report on our experimental results, and further consider the case of learning a mixed curved Mahalanobis distance. Besides, we show that the Cayley-Klein Voronoi diagrams are affine, and can be built from an equivalent (clipped) power diagrams, and that Cayley-Klein balls have Mahalanobis shapes with displaced centers.

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