A New Perspective on Randomized Gossip Algorithms

Nicolas Loizou, Peter Richtárik

In this short note we propose a new approach for the design and analysis of randomized gossip algorithms which can be used to solve the average consensus problem. We show how that Randomized Block Kaczmarz (RBK) method - a method for solving linear systems - works as gossip algorithm when applied to a special system encoding the underlying network. The famous pairwise gossip algorithm arises as a special case. Subsequently, we reveal a hidden duality of randomized gossip algorithms, with the dual iterative process maintaining a set of numbers attached to the edges as opposed to nodes of the network. We prove that RBK obtains a superlinear speedup in the size of the block, and demonstrate this effect through experiments.

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