Resilience of epidemics on networks

Dan Lu, Shunkun Yang, Jiaquan Zhang, Huijuan Wang, Daqing Li

Epidemic propagation on complex networks has been widely investigated, mostly with invariant parameters. However, the process of epidemic propagation is not always constant. Epidemics can be affected by various perturbations, and may bounce back to its original state, which is considered resilient. Here, we study the resilience of epidemics on networks, by introducing a different infection rate ${\lambda_{2}}$ during SIS (susceptible-infected-susceptible) epidemic propagation to model perturbations (control state), whereas the infection rate is ${\lambda_{1}}$ in the rest of time. Through simulations and theoretical analysis, we find that even for ${\lambda_{2}<\lambda_{c}}$, epidemics eventually could bounce back if control duration is below a threshold. This critical control time for epidemic resilience, i.e., ${cd_{max}}$ can be predicted by the diameter (${d}$) of the underlying network, with the quantitative relation ${cd_{max}\sim d^{\alpha}}$. Our findings can help to design a better mitigation strategy for epidemics.

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