Laplacian integrality in P4-sparse and P4-extendible graphs

Renata Del-Vecchio, Atila Jones

Let G be a simple graph and L = L(G) the Laplacian matrix of G. G is called L-integral if all its Laplacian eigenvalues are integer numbers. It is known that every cograph, a graph free of P4, is L-integral. The class of P4-sparse graphs and the class of P4-extendible graphs contain the cographs. It seems natural to investigate if the graphs in these classes are still L-integral. In this paper we characterized the L-integral graphs for both cases, P4-sparse graphs and P4-extendible graphs.

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