An Algorithmic Approach to the Asynchronous Computability Theorem

Vikram Saraph, Maurice Herlihy, Eli Gafni

The asynchronous computability theorem (ACT) uses concepts from combinatorial topology to characterize which tasks have wait-free solutions in read-write memory. A task can be expressed as a relation between two chromatic simplicial complexes. The theorem states that a task has a protocol (algorithm) if and only if there is a certain chromatic simplicial map compatible with that relation. While the original proof of the ACT relied on an involved combinatorial argument, Borowsky and Gafni later proposed an alternative proof that relied on a algorithmic construction, termed the "convergence algorithm". The description of this algorithm was incomplete, and presented without proof. In this paper, we give the first complete description, along with a proof of correctness.

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