Question Answering from Unstructured Text by Retrieval and Comprehension

Yusuke Watanabe, Bhuwan Dhingra, Ruslan Salakhutdinov

Open domain Question Answering (QA) systems must interact with external knowledge sources, such as web pages, to find relevant information. Information sources like Wikipedia, however, are not well structured and difficult to utilize in comparison with Knowledge Bases (KBs). In this work we present a two-step approach to question answering from unstructured text, consisting of a retrieval step and a comprehension step. For comprehension, we present an RNN based attention model with a novel mixture mechanism for selecting answers from either retrieved articles or a fixed vocabulary. For retrieval we introduce a hand-crafted model and a neural model for ranking relevant articles. We achieve state-of-the-art performance on W IKI M OVIES dataset, reducing the error by 40%. Our experimental results further demonstrate the importance of each of the introduced components.

Knowledge Graph

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