A Backward Algorithm for the Multiprocessor Online Feasibility of Sporadic Tasks

Gilles Geeraerts, Joël Goossens, Thi-Van-Anh Nguyen

The online feasibility problem (for a set of sporadic tasks) asks whether there is a scheduler that always prevents deadline misses (if any), whatever the sequence of job releases, which is a priori} unknown to the scheduler. In the multiprocessor setting, this problem is notoriously difficult. The only exact test for this problem has been proposed by Bonifaci and Marchetti-Spaccamela: it consists in modelling all the possible behaviours of the scheduler and of the tasks as a graph; and to interpret this graph as a game between the tasks and the scheduler, which are seen as antagonistic players. Then, computing a correct scheduler is equivalent to finding a winning strategy for the `scheduler player', whose objective in the game is to avoid deadline misses. In practice, however this approach is limited by the intractable size of the graph. In this work, we consider the classical attractor algorithm to solve such games, and introduce antichain techniques to optimise its performance in practice and overcome the huge size of the game graph. These techniques are inspired from results from the formal methods community, and exploit the specific structure of the feasibility problem. We demonstrate empirically that our approach allows to dramatically improve the performance of the game solving algorithm.

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