Towards an IT Security Risk Assessment Framework for Railway Automation

Jens Braband

Some recent incidents have shown that possibly the vulnerability of IT systems in railway automation has been underestimated. Fortunately, so far, almost only denial-of-service attacks were successful, but due to several trends, such as the use of commercial IT and communication systems or privatization, the threat potential could increase in the near future. However, up to now, no harmonized IT security risk assessment framework for railway automation exists. This paper defines an IT security risk assessment framework which aims to separate IT security and safety requirements as well as certification processes as far as possible. It builds on the well-known safety and approval processes from IEC 62425 and integrates IT security requirements based on the ISA99/IEC62443 standard series. While the detailed results are related to railway automation the general concepts are also applicable to other safety-critical application areas.

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