Hierarchical Gaussian Descriptors with Application to Person Re-Identification

Tetsu Matsukawa, Takahiro Okabe, Einoshin Suzuki, Yoichi Sato

Describing the color and textural information of a person image is one of the most crucial aspects of person re-identification (re-id). In this paper, we present novel meta-descriptors based on a hierarchical distribution of pixel features. Although hierarchical covariance descriptors have been successfully applied to image classification, the mean information of pixel features, which is absent from the covariance, tends to be the major discriminative information for person re-id. To solve this problem, we describe a local region in an image via hierarchical Gaussian distribution in which both means and covariances are included in their parameters. More specifically, the region is modeled as a set of multiple Gaussian distributions in which each Gaussian represents the appearance of a local patch. The characteristics of the set of Gaussians are again described by another Gaussian distribution. In both steps, we embed the parameters of the Gaussian into a point of Symmetric Positive Definite (SPD) matrix manifold. By changing the way to handle mean information in this embedding, we develop two hierarchical Gaussian descriptors. Additionally, we develop feature norm normalization methods with the ability to alleviate the biased trends that exist on the descriptors. The experimental results conducted on five public datasets indicate that the proposed descriptors achieve remarkably high performance on person re-id.

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