This paper presents a new unsupervised learning approach with stacked autoencoder (SAE) for Arabic handwritten digits categorization. Recently, Arabic handwritten digits recognition has been an important area due to its applications in several fields. This work is focusing on the recognition part of handwritten Arabic digits recognition that face several challenges, including the unlimited variation in human handwriting and the large public databases. Arabic digits contains ten numbers that were descended from the Indian digits system. Stacked autoencoder (SAE) tested and trained the MADBase database (Arabic handwritten digits images) that contain 10000 testing images and 60000 training images. We show that the use of SAE leads to significant improvements across different machine-learning classification algorithms. SAE is giving an average accuracy of 98.5%.