Compressive Statistical Learning with Random Feature Moments

Rémi Gribonval, Gilles Blanchard, Nicolas Keriven, Yann Traonmilin

We describe a general framework --compressive statistical learning-- for resource-efficient large-scale learning: the training collection is compressed in one pass into a low-dimensional sketch (a vector of random empirical generalized moments) that captures the information relevant to the considered learning task. A near-minimizer of the risk is computed from the sketch through the solution of a nonlinear least squares problem. We investigate sufficient sketch sizes to control the generalization error of this procedure. The framework is illustrated on compressive clustering, compressive Gaussian mixture Modeling with fixed known variance, and compressive PCA.

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