An Exponential Bound in the Quest for Absolute Zero

Dionisis Stefanatos

In most studies for the quantification of the third thermodynamic law, the minimum temperature which can be achieved with a long but finite-time process scales as a negative power of the process duration. In this article, we use our recent complete solution for the optimal control problem of the quantum parametric oscillator to show that the minimum temperature which can be obtained in this system scales exponentially with the available time. The present work is expected to motivate further research in the active quest for absolute zero.

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