Weight-based Fish School Search algorithm for Many-Objective Optimization

F. B. Lima Neto, I. M. C. Albuquerque, J. B. Monteiro Filho

Optimization problems with more than one objective consist in a very attractive topic for researchers due to its applicability in real-world situations. Over the years, the research effort in the Computational Intelligence field resulted in algorithms able to achieve good results by solving problems with more than one conflicting objective. However, these techniques do not exhibit the same performance as the number of objectives increases and become greater than 3. This paper proposes an adaptation of the metaheuristic Fish School Search to solve optimization problems with many objectives. This adaptation is based on the division of the candidate solutions in clusters that are specialized in solving a single-objective problem generated by the decomposition of the original problem. For this, we used concepts and ideas often employed by state-of-the-art algorithms, namely: (i) reference points and lines in the objectives space; (ii) clustering process; and (iii) the decomposition technique Penalty-based Boundary Intersection. The proposed algorithm was compared with two state-of-the-art bio-inspired algorithms. Moreover, a version of the proposed technique tailored to solve multi-modal problems was also presented. The experiments executed have shown that the performance obtained by both versions is competitive with state-of-the-art results.

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