Towards Algorithmic Typing for DOT

Abel Nieto

The Dependent Object Types (DOT) calculus formalizes key features of Scala. The D$_{<: }$ calculus is the core of DOT. To date, presentations of D$_{<: }$ have used declarative typing and subtyping rules, as opposed to algorithmic. Unfortunately, algorithmic typing for full D$_{<: }$ is known to be an undecidable problem. We explore the design space for a restricted version of D$_{<: }$ that has decidable typechecking. Even in this simplified D$_{<: }$ , algorithmic typing and subtyping are tricky, due to the "bad bounds" problem. The Scala compiler bypasses bad bounds at the cost of a loss in expressiveness in its type system. Based on the approach taken in the Scala compiler, we present the Step Typing and Step Subtyping relations for D$_{<: }$. We prove these relations sound and decidable. They are not complete with respect to the original D$_{<: }$ rules.

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