Sampled-data reachability analysis using sensitivity and mixed-monotonicity

Pierre-Jean Meyer, Samuel Coogan, Murat Arcak

This paper over-approximates the reachable sets of a continuous-time uncertain system using the sensitivity of its trajectories with respect to initial conditions and uncertain parameters. We first prove the equivalence between an existing over-approximation result based on the sign-stability of the sensitivity matrices and a discrete-time approach relying on a mixed-monotonicity property. We then present a new over-approximation result which scales at worst linearly with the state dimension and is applicable to any continuous-time system with bounded sensitivity. Finally, we provide a simulation-based approach to estimate these bounds through sampling and falsification. The results are illustrated with numerical examples on traffic networks and satellite orbits.

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