A note on two-colorability of nonuniform hypergraphs

Lech Duraj, Grzegorz Gutowski, Jakub Kozik

For a hypergraph $H$, let $q(H)$ denote the expected number of monochromatic edges when the color of each vertex in $H$ is sampled uniformly at random from the set of size 2. Let $s_{\min}(H)$ denote the minimum size of an edge in $H$. Erd\H{o}s asked in 1963 whether there exists an unbounded function $g(k)$ such that any hypergraph $H$ with $s_{\min}(H) \geq k$ and $q(H) \leq g(k)$ is two colorable. Beck in 1978 answered this question in the affirmative for a function $g(k) = \Theta(\log^* k)$. We improve this result by showing that, for an absolute constant $\delta>0$, a version of random greedy coloring procedure is likely to find a proper two coloring for any hypergraph $H$ with $s_{\min}(H) \geq k$ and $q(H) \leq \delta \cdot \log k$.

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