Graph-based Preconditioning Conjugate Gradient Algorithm for N-1 Contingency Analysis

Yiting Zhao, Chen Yuan, Guangyi Liu, Ilya Grinberg

Contingency analysis (CA) plays a critical role to guarantee operation security in the modern power systems. With the high penetration of renewable energy, a real-time and comprehensive N-1 CA is needed as a power system analysis tool to ensure system security. In this paper, a graph-based preconditioning conjugate gradient (GPCG) approach is proposed for the nodal parallel computing in N-1 CA. To pursue a higher performance in the practical application, the coefficient matrix of the base case is used as the incomplete LU (ILU) preconditioner for each N-1 scenario. Additionally, the re-dispatch strategy is employed to handle the islanding issues in CA. Finally, computation performance of the proposed GPCG approach is tested on a real provincial system in China.

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