Ensuring referential integrity under causal consistency

Marc Shapiro, Annette Bieniusa, Peter Zeller, Gustavo Petri

Referential integrity (RI) is an important correctness property of a shared, distributed object storage system. It is sometimes thought that enforcing RI requires a strong form of consistency. In this paper, we argue that causal consistency suffices to maintain RI. We support this argument with pseudocode for a reference CRDT data type that maintains RI under causal consistency. QuickCheck has not found any errors in the model.

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