Efficient Realization of Givens Rotation through Algorithm-Architecture Co-design for Acceleration of QR Factorization

Farhad Merchant, Tarun Vatwani, Anupam Chattopadhyay, Soumyendu Raha, S K Nandy, Ranjani Narayan, Rainer Leupers

We present efficient realization of Generalized Givens Rotation (GGR) based QR factorization that achieves 3-100x better performance in terms of Gflops/watt over state-of-the-art realizations on multicore, and General Purpose Graphics Processing Units (GPGPUs). GGR is an improvement over classical Givens Rotation (GR) operation that can annihilate multiple elements of rows and columns of an input matrix simultaneously. GGR takes 33% lesser multiplications compared to GR. For custom implementation of GGR, we identify macro operations in GGR and realize them on a Reconfigurable Data-path (RDP) tightly coupled to pipeline of a Processing Element (PE). In PE, GGR attains speed-up of 1.1x over Modified Householder Transform (MHT) presented in the literature. For parallel realization of GGR, we use REDEFINE, a scalable massively parallel Coarse-grained Reconfigurable Architecture, and show that the speed-up attained is commensurate with the hardware resources in REDEFINE. GGR also outperforms General Matrix Multiplication (gemm) by 10% in-terms of Gflops/watt which is counter-intuitive.

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