Generalized Persistence Diagrams for Persistence Modules over Posets

Woojin Kim, Facundo Memoli

When a category $\mathcal{C}$ satisfies certain conditions, we define the notion of \emph{rank invariant} for arbitrary poset-indexed functors $F:\mathbf{P} \rightarrow \mathcal{C}$ from a category theory perspective. This generalizes the standard notion of rank invariant as well as Patel's recent extension. Specifically, the barcode of any interval decomposable persistence modules $F:\mathbf{P} \rightarrow \mathbf{vec}$ of finite dimensional vector spaces can be extracted from the rank invariant by the principle of inclusion-exclusion. Generalizing this idea allows freedom of choosing the indexing poset $\mathbf{P}$ of $F: \mathbf{P} \rightarrow \mathcal{C}$ in defining Patel's generalized persistence diagram of $F$. By specializing our idea to zigzag persistence modules, we also show that the barcode of a Reeb graph can be obtained in a purely set-theoretic setting without passing to the category of vector spaces. This leads to a promotion of Patel's semicontinuity theorem about type $\mathcal{A}$ persistence diagram to Lipschitz continuity theorem for the category of sets.

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