Multi-Spectral Imaging via Computed Tomography (MUSIC) - Comparing Unsupervised Spectral Segmentations for Material Differentiation

Christian Kehl, Wail Mustafa, Jan Kehres, Anders Bjorholm Dahl, Ulrik Lund Olsen

Multi-spectral computed tomography is an emerging technology for the non-destructive identification of object materials and the study of their physical properties. Applications of this technology can be found in various scientific and industrial contexts, such as luggage scanning at airports. Material distinction and its identification is challenging, even with spectral x-ray information, due to acquisition noise, tomographic reconstruction artefacts and scanning setup application constraints. We present MUSIC - and open access multi-spectral CT dataset in 2D and 3D - to promote further research in the area of material identification. We demonstrate the value of this dataset on the image analysis challenge of object segmentation purely based on the spectral response of its composing materials. In this context, we compare the segmentation accuracy of fast adaptive mean shift (FAMS) and unconstrained graph cuts on both datasets. We further discuss the impact of reconstruction artefacts and segmentation controls on the achievable results. Dataset, related software packages and further documentation are made available to the imaging community in an open-access manner to promote further data-driven research on the subject

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