QuSecNets: Quantization-based Defense Mechanism for Securing Deep Neural Network against Adversarial Attacks

Hassan Ali, Hammad Tariq, Muhammad Abdullah Hanif, Faiq Khalid, Semeen Rehman, Rehan Ahmed, Muhammad Shafique

Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have recently been shown vulnerable to adversarial attacks in which the input examples are perturbed to fool these DNNs towards confidence reduction and (targeted or random) misclassification. In this paper, we demonstrate that how an efficient quantization technique can be leveraged to increase the robustness of a given DNN against adversarial attacks. We present two quantization-based defense mechanisms, namely Constant Quantization (CQ) and Variable Quantization (VQ), applied at the input to increase the robustness of DNNs. In CQ, the intensity of the input pixel is quantized according to the number of quantization levels. While in VQ, the quantization levels are recursively updated during the training phase, thereby providing a stronger defense mechanism. We apply our techniques on the Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs, a particular type of DNN which is heavily used in vision-based applications) against adversarial attacks from the open-source Cleverhans library. Our experimental results show 1%-5% increase in the adversarial accuracy for MNIST and 0%-2.4% increase in the adversarial accuracy for CIFAR10.

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