The Sparsest Additive Spanner via Multiple Weighted BFS Trees

Keren Censor-Hillel, Ami Paz, Noam Ravid

Spanners are fundamental graph structures that sparsify graphs at the cost of small stretch. In particular, in recent years, many sequential algorithms constructing additive all-pairs spanners were designed, providing very sparse small-stretch subgraphs. Remarkably, it was then shown that the known (+6)-spanner constructions are essentially the sparsest possible, that is, a larger additive stretch cannot guarantee a sparser spanner, which brought the stretch-sparsity trade-off to its limit. Distributed constructions of spanners are also abundant. However, for additive spanners, while there were algorithms constructing (+2) and (+4)-all-pairs spanners, the sparsest case of (+6)-spanners remained elusive. We remedy this by designing a new sequential algorithm for constructing a (+6)-spanner with the essentially-optimal sparsity of roughly O(n^{4/3}) edges. We then show a distributed implementation of our algorithm, answering an open problem in [Censor-Hillel et al., DISC 2016]. A main ingredient in our distributed algorithm is an efficient construction of multiple weighted BFS trees. A weighted BFS tree is a BFS tree in a weighted graph, that consists of the lightest among all shortest paths from the root to each node. We present a distributed algorithm in the CONGEST model, that constructs multiple weighted BFS trees in |S|+D-1 rounds, where S is the set of sources and D is the diameter of the network graph.

Knowledge Graph



Sign up or login to leave a comment