DeepCSO: Forecasting of Combined Sewer Overflow at a Citywide Level using Multi-task Deep Learning

Duo Zhang, Geir Lindholm, Harsha Ratnaweera

Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) is a major problem to be addressed by many cities. Understanding the behavior of sewer system through proper urban hydrological models is an effective method of enhancing sewer system management. Conventional deterministic methods, which heavily rely on physical principles, is inappropriate for real-time purpose due to their expensive computation. On the other hand, data-driven methods have gained huge interests, but most studies only focus on modeling a single component of the sewer system and supply information at a very abstract level. In this paper, we proposed the DeepCSO model, which aims at forecasting CSO events from multiple CSO structures simultaneously in near real time at a citywide level. The proposed model provided an intermediate methodology that combines the flexibility of data-driven methods and the rich information contained in deterministic methods while avoiding the drawbacks of these two methods. A comparison of the results demonstrated that the deep learning based multi-task model is superior to the traditional methods.

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