Robust Control of the Sit-to-Stand Movement for a Powered Lower Limb Orthosis

Octavio Narvaez-Aroche, Pierre-Jean Meyer, Stephen Tu, Andrew Packard, Murat Arcak

The sit-to-stand movement is a key feature for wide adoption of powered lower limb orthoses for patients with complete paraplegia. In this paper we study the control of the ascending phase of the sit-to-stand movement for a minimally actuated powered lower limb orthosis at the hips. First, we generate a pool of finite horizon Linear Quadratic Regulator feedback gains, designed under the assumption that we can control not only the torque at the hips but also the loads at the shoulders that in reality are applied by the user. Next we conduct reachability analysis to define a performance metric measuring the robustness of each controller against parameter uncertainty, and choose the best controller from the pool with respect to this metric. Then, we replace the presumed shoulder control with an Iterative Learning Control algorithm as a substitute for human experiments. Indeed this algorithm obtains torque and forces at the shoulders that result in successful simulations of the sit-to-stand movement, regardless of parameter uncertainty and factors deliberately introduced to hinder learning. Thus it is reasonable to expect that the superior cognitive skills of real users will enable them to cooperate with the hip torque controller through training.

Knowledge Graph

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