An Optimal Stopping Approach to Cell Selection in 5G Networks

Ning Wei, Xingqin Lin, Guangrong Yue, Zhongpei Zhang

Initial cell search and selection is one of the first few essential steps that a mobile device must perform to access a mobile network. The distinct features of 5G bring new challenges to the design of initial cell search and selection. In this paper, we propose a load-aware initial cell search and selection scheme for 5G networks. The proposed scheme augments the existing pure received power based scheme by incorporating a new load factor broadcast as part of system information. We then formulate a throughput optimization problem using the optimal stopping theory. We characterize the throughput optimal stopping strategy and the attained maximum throughput. The results show that the proposed cell search and selection scheme is throughput optimal with a carefully optimized connection threshold.

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