Multiple-Instance Learning by Boosting Infinitely Many Shapelet-based Classifiers

Daiki Suehiro, Kohei Hatano, Eiji Takimoto, Shuji Yamamoto, Kenichi Bannai, Akiko Takeda

We propose a new formulation of Multiple-Instance Learning (MIL). In typical MIL settings, a unit of data is given as a set of instances called a bag and the goal is to find a good classifier of bags based on similarity from a single or finitely many "shapelets" (or patterns), where the similarity of the bag from a shapelet is the maximum similarity of instances in the bag. Classifiers based on a single shapelet are not sufficiently strong for certain applications. Additionally, previous work with multiple shapelets has heuristically chosen some of the instances as shapelets with no theoretical guarantee of its generalization ability. Our formulation provides a richer class of the final classifiers based on infinitely many shapelets. We provide an efficient algorithm for the new formulation, in addition to generalization bound. Our empirical study demonstrates that our approach is effective not only for MIL tasks but also for Shapelet Learning for time-series classification.

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