Blind Deconvolution using Modulated Inputs

Ali Ahmed

This paper considers the blind deconvolution of multiple modulated signals, and an arbitrary filter. Multiple inputs $\boldsymbol{s}_1, \boldsymbol{s}_2, \ldots, \boldsymbol{s}_N =: [\boldsymbol{s}_n]$ are modulated (pointwise multiplied) with random sign sequences $\boldsymbol{r}_1, \boldsymbol{r}_2, \ldots, \boldsymbol{r}_N =: [\boldsymbol{r}_n]$, respectively, and the resultant inputs $(\boldsymbol{s}_n \odot \boldsymbol{r}_n) \in \mathbb{C}^Q, \ n = [N]$ are convolved against an arbitrary input $\boldsymbol{h} \in \mathbb{C}^M$ to yield the measurements $\boldsymbol{y}_n = (\boldsymbol{s}_n\odot \boldsymbol{r}_n)\circledast \boldsymbol{h}, \ n = [N] := 1,2,\ldots,N,$ where $\odot$, and $\circledast$ denote pointwise multiplication, and circular convolution. Given $[\boldsymbol{y}_n]$, we want to recover the unknowns $[\boldsymbol{s}_n]$, and $\boldsymbol{h}$. We make a structural assumption that unknown $[\boldsymbol{s}_n]$ are members of a known $K$-dimensional (not necessarily random) subspace, and prove that the unknowns can be recovered from sufficiently many observations using an alternating gradient descent algorithm whenever the modulated inputs $\boldsymbol{s}_n \odot \boldsymbol{r}_n$ are long enough, i.e, $Q \gtrsim KN+M$ (to within log factors and signal dispersion/coherence parameters).

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