Reconstruction of jointly sparse vectors via manifold optimization

Armenak Petrosyan, Hoang Tran, Clayton Webster

In this paper, we consider the challenge of reconstructing jointly sparse vectors from linear measurements. Firstly, we show that by utilizing the rank of the output data matrix we can reduce the problem to a full column rank case. This result reveals a reduction in the computational complexity of the original problem and enables a simple implementation of joint sparse recovery algorithms for full-rank setting. Secondly, we propose a new method for joint sparse recovery in the form of a non-convex optimization problem on a non-compact Stiefel manifold. In our numerical experiments our method outperforms the commonly used $\ell_{2,1}$ minimization in the sense that much fewer measurements are required for accurate sparse reconstructions. We postulate this approach possesses the desirable rank aware property, that is, being able to take advantage of the rank of the unknown matrix to improve the recovery.

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