Determination of Personalized Asthma Triggers from Evidence based on Multimodal Sensing and Mobile Application

Revathy Venkataramanan, Dipesh Kadariya, Hong Yung Yip, Utkarshani Jamini, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Maninder Kalra, Amit Sheth

Objective: Asthma is a chronic pulmonary disease with multiple triggers manifesting as symptoms with various intensities. This paper evaluates the suitability of long-term monitoring of pediatric asthma using diverse data to qualify and quantify triggers that contribute to the asthma symptoms and control to enable a personalized management plan. Materials and Methods: Asthma condition, environment, and adherence to the prescribed care plan were continuously tracked for 97 pediatric patients using kHealth-Asthma technology for one or three months. Result: At the cohort level, among 21% of the patients deployed in spring, 63% and 19% indicated pollen and Particulate Matter (PM2.5), respectively, as the major asthma contributors. Of the 18% of the patients deployed in fall, 29% and 21% found pollen and PM2.5 respectively, to be the contributors. For the 28% of the patients deployed in winter, PM2.5 was identified as the major contributor for 80% of them. One patient across each season has been chosen to explain the determination of personalized triggers by observing correlations between triggers and asthma symptoms gathered from anecdotal evidence. Discussion and Conclusion: Both public and personal health signals including compliance to prescribed care plan have been captured through continuous monitoring using the kHealth-Asthma technology which generated insights on causes of asthma symptoms across different seasons. Collectively, they can form the underlying basis for personalized management plan and intervention. KEYWORDS: Personalized Digital Health, Medical Internet of Things, Pediatric Asthma Management, Patient Generated Health Data, Personalized Triggers, Telehealth,

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