Divergence radii and the strong converse exponent of classical-quantum channel coding with constant compositions

Milán Mosonyi, Tomohiro Ogawa

There are different inequivalent ways to define the R\'enyi capacity of a channel for a fixed input distribution $P$. In a 1995 paper Csisz\'ar has shown that for classical discrete memoryless channels there is a distinguished such quantity that has an operational interpretation as a generalized cutoff rate for constant composition channel coding. We show that the analogous notion of R\'enyi capacity, defined in terms of the sandwiched quantum R\'enyi divergences, has the same operational interpretation in the strong converse problem of classical-quantum channel coding. Denoting the constant composition strong converse exponent for a memoryless classical-quantum channel $W$ with composition $P$ and rate $R$ as $sc(W,R,P)$, our main result is that \[ sc(W,R,P)=\sup_{\alpha>1}\frac{\alpha-1}{\alpha}\left[R-\chi_{\alpha}^*(W,P)\right], \] where $\chi_{\alpha}^*(W,P)$ is the $P$-weighted sandwiched R\'enyi divergence radius of the image of the channel.

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