Reachability in High Treewidth Graphs

Rahul Jain, Raghunath Tewari

Reachability is the problem of deciding whether there is a path from one vertex to the other in the graph. Standard graph traversal algorithms such as DFS and BFS take linear time to decide reachability however their space complexity is also linear. On the other hand, Savitch's algorithm takes quasipolynomial time although the space bound is $O(\log^2 n)$. Here, we study space efficient algorithms for deciding reachability that runs simultaneously in polynomial time. In this paper, we show that given an $n$ vertex directed graph of treewidth $w$ along with its tree decomposition, there exists an algorithm running in polynomial time and $O(w\log n)$ space, that solves reachability in the graph.

Knowledge Graph

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