Sequential Bayesian Detection of Spike Activities from Fluorescence Observations

Zhuangkun Wei, Bin Li, Weisi Guo, Wenxiu Hu, Chenglin Zhao

Extracting and detecting spike activities from the fluorescence observations is an important step in understanding how neuron systems work. The main challenge lies in that the combination of the ambient noise with dynamic baseline fluctuation, often contaminates the observations, thereby deteriorating the reliability of spike detection. This may be even worse in the face of the nonlinear biological process, the coupling interactions between spikes and baseline, and the unknown critical parameters of an underlying physiological model, in which erroneous estimations of parameters will affect the detection of spikes causing further error propagation. In this paper, we propose a random finite set (RFS) based Bayesian approach. The dynamic behaviors of spike sequence, fluctuated baseline and unknown parameters are formulated as one RFS. This RFS state is capable of distinguishing the hidden active/silent states induced by spike and non-spike activities respectively, thereby \emph{negating the interaction role} played by spikes and other factors. Then, premised on the RFS states, a Bayesian inference scheme is designed to simultaneously estimate the model parameters, baseline, and crucial spike activities. Our results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can gain an extra $12\%$ detection accuracy in comparison with the state-of-the-art MLSpike method.

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