Self-Tuning Spectral Clustering for Adaptive Tracking Areas Design in 5G Ultra-Dense Networks

Brahim Aamer, Hatim Chergui, Nouamane Chergui, Kamel Tourki, Mustapha Benjillali, Christos Verikoukis, Mérouane Debbah

In this paper, we address the issue of automatic tracking areas (TAs) planning in fifth generation (5G) ultra-dense networks (UDNs). By invoking handover (HO) attempts and measurement reports (MRs) statistics of a 4G live network, we first introduce a new kernel function mapping HO attempts, MRs and inter-site distances (ISDs) into the so-called similarity weight. The corresponding matrix is then fed to a self-tuning spectral clustering (STSC) algorithm to automatically define the TAs number and borders. After evaluating its performance in terms of the $Q$-metric as well as the silhouette score for various kernel parameters, we show that the clustering scheme yields a significant reduction of tracking area updates and average paging requests per TA; optimizing thereby network resources.

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