Echo State Networks: analysis, training and predictive control

Luca Bugliari Armenio, Enrico Terzi, Marcello Farina, Riccardo Scattolini

The goal of this paper is to investigate the theoretical properties, the training algorithm, and the predictive control applications of Echo State Networks (ESNs), a particular kind of Recurrent Neural Networks. First, a condition guaranteeing incremetal global asymptotic stability is devised. Then, a modified training algorithm allowing for dimensionality reduction of ESNs is presented. Eventually, a model predictive controller is designed to solve the tracking problem, relying on ESNs as the model of the system. Numerical results concerning the predictive control of a nonlinear process for pH neutralization confirm the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms for the identification, dimensionality reduction, and the control design for ESNs.

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