The goal of this paper is to investigate the theoretical properties, the training algorithm, and the predictive control applications of Echo State Networks (ESNs), a particular kind of Recurrent Neural Networks. First, a condition guaranteeing incremetal global asymptotic stability is devised. Then, a modified training algorithm allowing for dimensionality reduction of ESNs is presented. Eventually, a model predictive controller is designed to solve the tracking problem, relying on ESNs as the model of the system. Numerical results concerning the predictive control of a nonlinear process for pH neutralization confirm the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms for the identification, dimensionality reduction, and the control design for ESNs.