Accuracy Evaluation of Overlapping and Multi-resolution Clustering Algorithms on Large Datasets

Artem Lutov, Mourad Khayati, Philippe Cudré-Mauroux

Performance of clustering algorithms is evaluated with the help of accuracy metrics. There is a great diversity of clustering algorithms, which are key components of many data analysis and exploration systems. However, there exist only few metrics for the accuracy measurement of overlapping and multi-resolution clustering algorithms on large datasets. In this paper, we first discuss existing metrics, how they satisfy a set of formal constraints, and how they can be applied to specific cases. Then, we propose several optimizations and extensions of these metrics. More specifically, we introduce a new indexing technique to reduce both the runtime and the memory complexity of the Mean F1 score evaluation. Our technique can be applied on large datasets and it is faster on a single CPU than state-of-the-art implementations running on high-performance servers. In addition, we propose several extensions of the discussed metrics to improve their effectiveness and satisfaction to formal constraints without affecting their efficiency. All the metrics discussed in this paper are implemented in C++ and are available for free as open-source packages that can be used either as stand-alone tools or as part of a benchmarking system to compare various clustering algorithms.

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