Building Secure SRAM PUF Key Generators on Resource Constrained Devices

Yansong Gao, Yang Su, Wei Yang, Shiping Chen, Surya Nepal, Damith C. Ranasinghe

A securely maintained key is the premise upon which data stored and transmitted by ubiquitously deployed resource limited devices, such as those in the Internet of Things (IoT), are protected. However, many of these devices lack a secure non-volatile memory (NVM) for storing keys because of cost constraints. Silicon physical unclonable functions (PUFs) offering unique device specific secrets to electronic commodities are a low-cost alternative to secure NVM. As a physical hardware security primitive, reliability of a PUF is affected by thermal noise and changes in environmental conditions; consequently, PUF responses cannot be directly employed as cryptographic keys. A fuzzy extractor can turn noisy PUF responses into usable cryptographic keys. However, a fuzzy extractor is not immediately mountable on (highly) resource constrained devices due to its implementation overhead. We present a methodology for constructing a lightweight and secure PUF key generator for resource limited devices. In particular, we focus on PUFs constructed from pervasively embedded SRAM in modern microcontroller units and use a batteryless computational radio frequency identification (CRFID) device as a representative resource constrained IoT device in a case study.

Knowledge Graph

arrow_drop_up

Comments

Sign up or login to leave a comment