Multiple Access in the Delay-Doppler Domain using OTFS modulation

G. D. Surabhi, Rose Mary Augustine, A. Chockalingam

Orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation is a recent modulation scheme designed in the delay-Doppler domain. It has been shown to achieve superior performance compared to conventional multicarrier modulation schemes designed in the time-frequency domain. In this paper, we consider OTFS based multiple access (OTFS-MA), where delay-Doppler bins serve as the resource blocks for multiple access. Different delay-Doppler resource blocks (DDRBs) in the delay-Doppler grid are allocated to different users for multiple access. We consider three different DDRB allocation schemes. While Scheme 1 multiplexes the users along the delay axis, Scheme 2 multiplexes them along the Doppler axis. In both these schemes, each user's signal spans the entire time-frequency plane. Scheme 3 allocates the DDRBs in such a way that each user's signal is limited to span only over a subset of the time-frequency plane. We study the performance of OTFS-MA in high mobility environments on the uplink and compare it with those of OFDMA and SC-FDMA. Our results show that OTFS-MA (with maximum-likelihood detection in small dimension systems and with a message passing based detection in large dimension systems) achieves better performance compared to OFDMA and SC-FDMA. We also present the performance of a multiuser channel estimation scheme using pilot symbols placed in the delay-Doppler grid.

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