SLNR Based Precoding for One-Bit Quantized Massive MIMO in mmWave Communications

Yavuz Yapıcı, Sung Joon Maeng, İsmail Güvenç, Huaiyu Dai, Arupjyoti Bhuyan

Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a key technology for 5G wireless communications with a promise of significant capacity increase. The use of low-resolution data converters is crucial for massive MIMO to make the overall transmission as cost- and energy-efficient as possible. In this work, we consider a downlink millimeter-wave (mmWave) transmission scenario, where multiple users are served simultaneously by massive MIMO with one-bit digital-to-analog (D/A) converters. In particular, we propose a novel precoder design based on signal-to-leakage-plus-noise ratio (SLNR), which minimizes energy leakage into undesired users while taking into account impairments due to nonlinear one-bit quantization. We show that well-known regularized zero-forcing (RZF) precoder is a particular version of the proposed SLNR-based precoder, which is obtained when quantization impairments are totally ignored. Numerical results underscore significant performance improvements along with the proposed SLNR-based precoder as compared to either RZF or zero-forcing (ZF) precoders.

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