In this paper we use the method of discrete Darboux polynomials to calculate preserved measures and integrals of rational maps. The approach is based on the use of cofactors and Darboux polynomials and relies on the use of symbolic algebra tools. Given sufficient computing power, most, if not all, rational preserved integrals can be found (and even some non-rational ones). We show, in a number of examples, how it is possible to use this method to both determine and detect preserved measures and integrals of the considered rational maps. Many of the examples arise from the Kahan-Hirota-Kimura discretization of completely integrable systems of ordinary differential equations.