New Results on Directed Edge Dominating Set

Rémy Belmonte, Tesshu Hanaka, Ioannis Katsikarelis, Eun Jung Kim, Michael Lampis

We study a family of generalizations of Edge Dominating Set on directed graphs called Directed $(p,q)$-Edge Dominating Set. In this problem an arc $(u,v)$ is said to dominate itself, as well as all arcs which are at distance at most $q$ from $v$, or at distance at most $p$ to $u$. First, we give significantly improved FPT algorithms for the two most important cases of the problem, $(0,1)$-dEDS and $(1,1)$-dEDS (that correspond to versions of Dominating Set on line graphs), as well as polynomial kernels. We also improve the best-known approximation for these cases from logarithmic to constant. In addition, we show that $(p,q)$-dEDS is FPT parameterized by $p+q+tw$, but W-hard parameterized by $tw$ (even if the size of the optimal is added as a second parameter), where $tw$ is the treewidth of the underlying graph of the input. We then go on to focus on the complexity of the problem on tournaments. Here, we provide a complete classification for every possible fixed value of $p,q$, which shows that the problem exhibits a surprising behavior, including cases which are in P; cases which are solvable in quasi-polynomial time but not in P; and a single case $(p=q=1)$ which is NP-hard (under randomized reductions) and cannot be solved in sub-exponential time, under standard assumptions.

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