Smart Building Energy Management using Nonlinear Economic Model Predictive Control

Mohammad Ostadijafari, Anamika Dubey, Yang Liu, Jie Shi, Nanpeng Yu

Owing to the call for energy efficiency, the need to optimize the energy consumption of commercial buildings-- responsible for over 40% of US energy consumption--has recently gained significant attention. Moreover, the ability to participate in the retail electricity markets through proactive demand-side participation has recently led to development of economic model predictive control (EMPC) for building's Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system. The objective of this paper is to develop a price-sensitive operational model for building's HVAC systems while considering inflexible loads and other distributed energy resources (DERs) such as photovoltaic (PV) generation and battery storage for the buildings. A Nonlinear Economic Model Predictive Controller (NL-EMPC) is presented to minimize the net cost of energy usage by building's HVAC system while satisfying the comfort-level of building's occupants. The efficiency of the proposed NL-EMPC controller is evaluated using several simulation case studies.

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