State Monitoring for Situational Awareness in Rural Microgrids Using the IoT Infrastructure

Seyed Amir Alavi, Mehrnaz Javadipour, Kamyar Mehran

This paper presents an event-triggered estimation strategy and a data collection architecture for situational awareness (SA) in microgrids. An estimation agent structure based on the event-triggered Kalman filter is proposed and implemented for state estimation layer of the SA using long range wide area network (LoRAWAN) protocol. A setup has been developed which can provide enormous data collection capabilities from smart meters, in order to realise an adequate SA level in microgrids. Thingsboard Internet of things (IoT) platform is used for the SA visualisation with a customised dashboard. It is shown by using the developed estimation strategy, an adequate level of SA can be achieved with a minimum installation and communication cost to have an accurate average state estimation of the microgrid.

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