Partial Phase Cohesiveness in Networks of Kuramoto Oscillator Networks

Yuzhen Qin, Yu Kawano, Oscar Portoles, Ming Cao

Partial, instead of complete, synchronization has been widely observed in various networks including, in particular, brain networks. Motivated by data from human brain functional networks, in this technical note, we analytically show that partial synchronization can be induced by strong regional connections in coupled subnetworks of Kuramoto oscillators. To quantify the required strength of regional connections, we first obtain a critical value for the algebraic connectivity of the corresponding subnetwork using the incremental 2 norm. We then introduce the concept of the generalized complement graph, and obtain another condition on the weighted nodal degree by using the incremental infinity norm. Under these two conditions, regions of attraction for partial phase cohesiveness are estimated in the forms of the incremental 2 and infinity norms, respectively. Our result based on the incremental infinity norm is the first known criterion that is applicable to non-complete graphs. Numerical simulations are performed on a two-level network to illustrate our theoretical results; more importantly, we use real anatomical brain network data to show how our results may reveal the interplay between anatomical structure and empirical patterns of synchrony.

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