Solution of the 3D density-driven groundwater flow problem with uncertain porosity and permeability

Alexander Litvinenko, Dmitry Logashenko, Raul Tempone, Gabriel Wittum, David Keyes

As groundwater is an essential nutrition and irrigation resource, its pollution may lead to catastrophic consequences. Therefore, accurate modeling of the pollution of the soil and groundwater aquifer is highly important. As a model, we consider a density-driven groundwater flow problem with uncertain porosity and permeability. This problem may arise in geothermal reservoir simulation, natural saline-disposal basins, modeling of contaminant plumes, and subsurface flow. This strongly nonlinear time-dependent problem describes the convection of the two-phase flow. This liquid streams under the gravity force, building so-called "fingers". The accurate numerical solution requires fine spatial resolution with an unstructured mesh and, therefore, high computational resources. Consequently, we run the parallelized simulation toolbox \myug with the geometric multigrid solver on Shaheen II supercomputer. The parallelization is done in physical and stochastic spaces. Additionally, we demonstrate how the \myug toolbox can be run in a black-box fashion for testing different scenarios in the density-driven flow. As a benchmark, we solve the Elder-like problem in a 3D domain. For approximations in the stochastic space, we use the generalized polynomial chaos expansion. We compute the mean, variance, and exceedance probabilities of the mass fraction. As a reference solution, we use the solution, obtained from the quasi-Monte Carlo method.

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