Monopulse-based THz Beam Tracking for Indoor Virtual Reality Applications

Krishan Kumar Tiwari, Vladica Sark, Eckhard Grass, Rolf Kraemer

Terahertz spectrum is being researched upon to provide ultra-high throughput radio links for indoor applications, e.g., virtual reality (VR), etc. as well as outdoor applications, e.g., backhaul links, etc. This paper investigates a monopulse-based beam tracking approach for limited mobility users relying on sparse massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) wireless channels. Owing to the sparsity, beamforming is realized using digitally-controlled radio frequency (RF) / intermediate-frequency (IF) phase shifters with constant amplitude constraint for transmit power compliance. A monopulse-based beam tracking technique, using received signal strength indi-cation (RSSI) is adopted to avoid feedback overheads for obvious reasons of efficacy and resource savings. The Matlab implementation of the beam tracking algorithm is also reported. This Matlab implementation has been kept as general purpose as possible using functions wherein the channel, beamforming codebooks, monopulse comparator, etc. can easily be updated for specific requirements and with minimum code amendments.

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