A Sustainable Multi-modal Multi-layer Emotion-aware Service at the Edge

Long Hu, Wei Li, Jun Yang, Giancarlo Fortino, Min Chen

Limited by the computational capabilities and battery energy of terminal devices and network bandwidth, emotion recognition tasks fail to achieve good interactive experience for users. The intolerable latency for users also seriously restricts the popularization of emotion recognition applications in the edge environments such as fatigue detection in auto-driving. The development of edge computing provides a more sustainable solution for this problem. Based on edge computing, this article proposes a multi-modal multi-layer emotion-aware service (MULTI-EASE) architecture that considers user's facial expression and voice as a multi-modal data source of emotion recognition, and employs the intelligent terminal, edge server and cloud as multi-layer execution environment. By analyzing the average delay of each task and the average energy consumption at the mobile device, we formulate a delay-constrained energy minimization problem and perform a task scheduling policy between multiple layers to reduce the end-to-end delay and energy consumption by using an edge-based approach, further to improve the users' emotion interactive experience and achieve energy saving in edge computing. Finally, a prototype system is also implemented to validate the architecture of MULTI-EASE, the experimental results show that MULTI-EASE is a sustainable and efficient platform for emotion analysis applications, and also provide a valuable reference for dynamic task scheduling under MULTI-EASE architecture.

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