OctopusNet: A Deep Learning Segmentation Network for Multi-modal Medical Images

Yu Chen, Jiawei Chen, Dong Wei, Yuexiang Li, Yefeng Zheng

Deep learning models, such as the fully convolutional network (FCN), have been widely used in 3D biomedical segmentation and achieved state-of-the-art performance. Multiple modalities are often used for disease diagnosis and quantification. Two approaches are widely used in the literature to fuse multiple modalities in the segmentation networks: early-fusion (which stacks multiple modalities as different input channels) and late-fusion (which fuses the segmentation results from different modalities at the very end). These fusion methods easily suffer from the cross-modal interference caused by the input modalities which have wide variations. To address the problem, we propose a novel deep learning architecture, namely OctopusNet, to better leverage and fuse the information contained in multi-modalities. The proposed framework employs a separate encoder for each modality for feature extraction and exploits a hyper-fusion decoder to fuse the extracted features while avoiding feature explosion. We evaluate the proposed OctopusNet on two publicly available datasets, i.e. ISLES-2018 and MRBrainS-2013. The experimental results show that our framework outperforms the commonly-used feature fusion approaches and yields the state-of-the-art segmentation accuracy.

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