#### Bayesian Active Learning With Abstention Feedbacks

##### Cuong V. Nguyen, Lam Si Tung Ho, Huan Xu, Vu Dinh, Binh Nguyen

We study pool-based active learning with abstention feedbacks where a labeler can abstain from labeling a queried example with some unknown abstention rate. Using the Bayesian approach, we develop two new greedy algorithms that learn both the classification problem and the unknown abstention rate at the same time. These are achieved by incorporating the estimated average abstention rate into the greedy criteria. We prove that both algorithms have near-optimality guarantees: they respectively achieve a ${(1-\frac{1}{e})}$ constant factor approximation of the optimal expected or worst-case value of a useful utility function. Our experiments show the algorithms perform well in various practical scenarios.

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